Heat Exchanger Finned Tube – five kinds you have to understand about

Sherry E. Rowe
What is finned tube heat exchanger? - Quora

In a preceding article, we targeted troubles including corrosion, erosion, and thermal fatigue withinside the tubes of Shell & Tube warmness exchangers.

In this month’s article, we purpose to offer you an outline of a number of the one-of-a-kind styles of finned tubes (prolonged floor tubes) you could stumble upon and the programs or responsibilities they suit.

Finned tube warmness exchangers normally use air to chill or warm fluids including air, water, oil, or gas, or they may be used to seize or get better waste warmness. These warmness exchangers can be utilized in a large variety of industries including oil & gas, electricity generation, marine, and HVAC&R.

Fin Profile

The profile of the fins has a widespread impact on the overall performance of a finned tube warmness exchanger.  It is vital to make sure every fin has a good connection to the tube floor to offer the most thermal conductivity.

The large the fins and the tighter the fin pitch, the extra thermal conductivity is accomplished. The trade-off can be a growth in stress drop which may, in turn, adversely affect overall performance. Stability among the 2 opposing capabilities is critical for powerful and most suitable thermal overall performance and device function.

1. Elfin Technology

‘Elfin’ finned tubes are used considerably in hydroelectricity generator coolers and were selected via way of means of hydroelectricity stations including Snowy Hydro, Hydro Tasmania, and Origin Energy, to offer durable and dependable cooling in their vital generators.

With the Elfin computer-generated technology, every fin strip is automatically compelled over the out of doors of the tube, generating a good and thermally green bond. This manner ensures, now no longer most effective extraordinary adhesion of the fin to the tube, however, the critical internal tube wall isn’t compromised in any manner.

Unlike Elfin tubes, bulleted tube fins are fashioned via way of means of passing a bullet withinside the tube to increase and pressure its wall outward into the fins to shape a bond with the fins.

2. Bulleted Fins

With an outside look much like Elfin Finned Tubes, bulleted finned tubes are a not unusual place and fee-powerful manner to connect strip fins to tubes. This is accomplished via way of means of manually putting the fins over the tubes and pushing or pulling a ‘bullet’ thru the tube (“bulleting”) to amplify the tube wall out into the fins, locking them in place.

Bulleting is normally utilized in Fin Coil gadgets determined in programs including HVAC&R and is a fee-powerful manner that calls for tubes that can be of cloth and thickness and sufficiently ductile to permit the tube to be multiplied into the fins.

Helical Fins

Round or Helical Fins are available in some geometries normally diagnosed via way of means of a letter similar to the profile of the bottom of the fin wherein it connects with the tube.

3. ‘L’ Finned Tubes

One not unusual place form of finned tube is the ‘L’ fin. Receiving its call from the letter it creates from the cross-sectional view, the ‘L’ fin is predicated on most floor touch among fin and tube that is ensured via way of means of tension-forming a fin strip helically across the base tube.

This form of connection maximizes the warmth switch capability and complements the corrosion safety of the tube. The ‘L’ fin comprises temperatures among a hundred and fifty to 170 °C and is derived in specifically ductile metals including aluminum or copper that can withstand the compression across the base of the fin and permit stretching out of doors at some point of installation.

4. ‘LL’ Finned Tube

Manufactured withinside the equal manner as the ‘L’ finned tube, the ‘LL’ fin has overlapping ft to absolutely enclose the bottom tube, ensuing in extraordinary corrosion resistance. The most working temperature is about similar to the ‘L’ fin. This form of the fin is normally to be had in aluminum and copper. The Overlapped “L” fin layout has interlocking fins which can be wound collectively to save you motion and separation. The fins shield the complete tube and the designation works properly for the programs wherein corrosion is an issue. more

5. ‘KL’ Finned Tube

‘KL’ Fin Tubes also are referred to as knurled finned tubes. The fin is wrapped across the tube and the foot is rolled into the outer floor of the pre-knurled tube and secured at every end. The fins are fabricated from a strip of steel that is machined into a correctly managed L form foot, much like the L kind fin, then its miles rolled right into a taper inflicting it to curl. The tube floor is knurled via way of means of a rotating tool, then the foot of the fin is knurled into the bottom tube imparting a good bond that optimizes thermal switch.

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